50 MILION YEARS OF DATES FRUITS HISTORY
Considered the oldest cultivated fruit in the world, fossil evidence indicates that dates go back at least 50 million years ago.
Archaeological evidences show that the planting of Palm in Iran near the former Shoosh at the civilization of IIami was prevalent about 6000 years.
At Sassanidera time palm was found in the southern places of Iran. On 7th century was the time of development of agriculture and all types of fruits trees and vegetables were planted of over the Iran, So that all the fresh and dried fruits were exported from Esfahan to India and Asia Minor, also from Kerman to other countries.
On the year of 2000 Iran has been accomplished over one million Metric Tons of iranian dates to all around the world, which was the largest date producer in the world. later on, in 2012 the total quantity of date production was 6.505.000 Metric Tones and Iran was the second producer after Iraq with 1.066.000 MT.
Dates Varities and Types
The origins of dates can be traced back to the Middle East and culinary experts estimate there are more than 3,000 varieties. the most important types of dates are Piarom, Zahedi, Sayer, Mazafati, Kabkab, Rotab, Rabbi, Kalooteh and Shahabi. dates in iran are cultivates in Hormozgan by 21.6%, Fars by 12.3%, Bushehr by 13.4%, Kerman by 21.1%, Beluchestan by 12.2%, and in Khusistan by 17.6%.
SAYER DATE TYPE
It is semi dry with fewer than 16% moisture.
Its color is light brown to red and high commercial value.
70-80% of palms in Khuzestan province are Sayer dates and it is one of the most important exporting date types in south of Iran.
Sayer date is very popular in Europe and North America because of its low cellulose content and high sugar. The size of Sayer date is divided to big, GAQ (average) and FAQ (small) and the harvest time is at the middle of September.
MAZAFATI DATE TYPE
ZAHEDI DATE TYPE
are one of the exquisite types of dates in Iran, mostly cultivates in Fars and Kerman province. Zahedi dates are dry and has fewer than 14% moisture. and are being mostly used in industrial purpose. It also has too much sugar and it shape is short about 3.5 cm, oval and thick.This yellow sweet Iranian date, which is the fruit in kharak stage, is attractive for Russia, Ukraine, India, Pakistan and UAE markets. The harvest time for this date is September but the product is available from October to March.
PIOROM DATE TYPE
SHAHABI DATE TYPE
This date is very similar to Piarom date with 3-5 cm length. It is semi dry and has fewer than 15% moisture.This Iranian date is grown in Bushehr regions. Its color is light brown.
RABBI DATE TYPE
DATES IN IRAN WILL DEFINE by A, AA and AAA GRADES.